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Checking for Squareness

Learn the Best Way to Check if an Angle is Truly 90 Degrees

Woodworkers are all more-or-less obsessed with squareness. They have to be. Even small variances from dead-on 90 degrees tend to turn up as ugly gaps, lids that don’t fit, wonky cabinets - you name it. Consequently, most spend a fair amount of time checking angles for accuracy.


Learn the Best Way to Check if an Angle is Truly 90 Degrees

Woodworkers are all more-or-less obsessed with squareness. They have to be. Even small variances from dead-on 90 degrees tend to turn up as ugly gaps, lids that don’t fit, wonky cabinets - you name it. Consequently, most spend a fair amount of time checking angles for accuracy.



So, what's the best way to check whether an angle is truly 90 degrees? For a small piece of squared-up stock or a small frame or box construction, a reliable try square, engineer square, or combination square is perfectly adequate. If you're convinced that the square you're using can be trusted, just hold it up to the corner or corners in question and check for gaps.


To check the overall squareness of large pieces of material and large rectangular constructions, measuring cross-corners comparing the measurements is the more reliable choice. If you’re not familiar with the method, it’s a simple two-part procedure:


First, make sure that the opposing edges of the shape are parallel. To do that, simply measure the length of each of its four sides. You should come up with two sets of identical measurements. If you don't, you're not dealing with a true rectangle, and at least two of the corners are something other than 90 degrees.


If the length of the sides checks out, move on to step two: Measure diagonally from the tip of one corner to the other in the two possible directions and compare the results. If the two measurements the same - assuming all four sides are straight - all four corners have to be 90 degrees.


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